Reason #2

The New Testament was originally written in the Greek, from which the Latin, English, and other versions were translated. If you research the Greek text you will find that the word Peter and the word Rock on which Christ was to build His church are two very separate and distinct words, thus having a different meaning. The word Peter in Greek is petros, which means “a piece of rock; a stone; a single stone; movable, insecure, shifting, or roll­ing.” The word rock is petra, which means “a rock; a cliff; a projecting rock; mother rock; huge mass; solid formation; fixed; immovable; enduring.”

Matthew 16:18, 19

  • 18And I say also unto thee, that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
  • 19And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

The following is a commentary from the Catholic Encyclopedia at www.newadvent.org on the above passage Mathew 16:18:

  • Upon this rock, etc… The words of Christ to Peter, spoken in the vulgar language of the Jews which our Lord made use of, were the same as if he had said in English, Thou art a Rock, and upon this rock I will build my church. So that, by the plain course of the words, Peter is here declared to be the rock, upon which the church was to be built…

Obviously the RCC thinks differently


The article in Greek is important. If one noun is in the masculine it must have a mas­culine article, and if it is in the feminine it must have a feminine article. The text under consideration in the Greek shows that petros is in the masculine, and petra in the feminine, proving that they are two distinct words; and each one has a different meaning. Now the question is, on which of the two, petros or petra, did Christ establish His church? Was it on petros, a movable stone, or petra, an immovable rock?

18And I say also unto thee [to Peter], that thou art Peter [petros, masculine gender], and upon this rock [petra, feminine gender] I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

Now, who is this petra or rock on which Christ built His true church? Let the Holy Bible again give the answer. If the Bible gives the answer, we make no mistake in accepting it because the definition is authentic.

1 Corinthians 10:4

  • 4And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock [petra, in the Greek] was Christ.

Here we have evidence that petra refers to Christ, and not to Peter, petros.

If Peter is the rock on which Christ was to build His church, Peter could not be overcome and the gates of hell could not pre­vail against him. But the fact is that he was overcome, and the gates of hell did prevail against him. Didn’t he deny his Lord? This was after Christ told him that the Rock was not to be overcome. Jesus told Peter:

  • 23But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind me, Satan: thou art an offence unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men.

Peter himself gives the answer as to who the Rock is. He says Jesus is “the Christ, the Son of the living God” (Matt. 16:16). Again, speaking of Christ, he says: “This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders” (Acts 4:10-11); so Christ, the Son of God, must be the rock on which God built His church.

It is becoming very clear that if Jesus would have built His church on Peter, petros, He would have said: “Thou art Petros, and upon this Petros [or upon it] I will build My church,”. If Jesus delegated Peter as the head of the church, why did the other disciples quarrel among themselves as to who would be the greatest (Luke 9:46)? If this decision had already been made by Christ, why should the others fret about it?

Why is there not a Trace of evidence in the Bible that Peter was a pope? Peter wrote two epistles, but he does not use the title of pope in either. Could you imagine a pope today writing two letters to the church and forgetting his title? The church in the days of the apostles did not recognize Peter as pope or the head of the church. Neither does the true church today.


http://www.trustingodamerica.com, http://www.biblegateway.com, TheofficalCatholic Catechism, http://www.vatican.va/archive/catechism/ccc_toc.htm,   www.catholicity.com/encyclopedia, TheCatholicEncyclopedia, http://hermeneutics.kulikovskyonline.net/hermeneutics/hermeneutics.htm, http://www.bible-interpretation.com/